Buying Property in Turkey
For most people interested in buying a property in Turkey, the first question is inevitably “how to do it”. While all countries offering properties have their own laws and conditions, Turkey has a pretty straightforward property purchase procedure, which also needs to be well understood.
The first and major point anyone should know before purchasing a property in Turkey is that Turkey only allows citizens from countries having a reciprocity agreement with Turkey. This basically means that if Turkish citizens can buy a property in your country, you naturally have the right to purchase a property in Turkey. No worries, most western European countries have this agreement with Turkey, as well as many other major countries in the World.
The second important point is that non-turkish citizens are not allowed to purchase a property in certain specific situations, starting from Military zones. The legislature says that foreigners can not buy a property within 400 mt to a military zone. This is why, all documents regarding the location of the chosen property are sent to the Military Commandement in Izmir, for a check and the Title Deed (TAPU in Turkish) may only be issued once the Military permission has been received. This process usually takes around 3 to 4 months.
While the military permission is an unavoidable step to take during the Title Deed procedure, other locations such as primary agricultural lands, zones of historical importance and forrest zones are also among other locations where it is forbidden to purchase a property, and this not only for non-Turkish citizens but also for locals as well.
Although it may appear as complicated to check, a proper due diligence about the property you are willing to purchase is easy to do, and a good partner on the ground will naturally do it on your behalf.
To use a solicitor while buying a property in Turkey is not mandatory (Generally property laws are in favor of the buyers in Turkey). However, if you want to use one, independent solicitors experienced with overseas property are well established in popular coastal locations.
Property purchase contracts are generally agreed between the seller and the buyer (If a real estate agency is involved in the process, it may also be involved in the contract as a third party). Most oftenly, the Seller (or the Agent) takes the responsibility to follow the Title Deed process on your behalf, which takes out of your shoulder the bureaucratic burden and leaves you free to start enjoying your property.